Compared with castings and forgings, metal stamping parts have the characteristics of thinness, uniformity, lightness and strength. Metal stamping parts can be made into workpieces with stiffeners, ribs, undulations or flanges that are difficult to manufacture by other methods to improve their rigidity. Due to the use of precision molds, the accuracy of the workpiece can reach the micron level, and the repeatability is high, the specifications are consistent, and holes, bosses, etc. can be punched out.
Cold stamping parts are generally no longer processed by cutting, or only a small amount of metal stamping parts are required for cutting. The precision and surface condition of hot stamping parts are lower than cold stamping parts, but still better than castings and forgings, and the cutting amount is less.
The surface and internal properties of the sheet metal used in metal stamping parts have a great impact on the quality of the stamping product. The thickness of the stamping material is required to be accurate and uniform; the surface is smooth, without spots, scars, scratches, and surface cracks, etc.; the yield strength is uniform, No obvious directionality; high uniform elongation; low yield ratio; low work hardening.
Stamping is an efficient production method. Using compound dies, especially multi-station progressive dies, multiple stamping processes can be completed on one press, and the whole process from strip uncoiling, leveling, punching to forming and finishing can be achieved. Automatic production. The production efficiency is high, the working conditions are good, and the production cost is low. Generally, hundreds of pieces can be produced per minute.
Stamping is mainly classified by process, which can be divided into two categories: separation process and forming process. The separation process is also called punching, and its purpose is to separate the stamping parts from the sheet along a certain contour line while ensuring the quality requirements of the separated section. The purpose of the forming process is to make the sheet metal plastically deform without breaking the billet to make a workpiece of the required shape and size. In actual production, multiple processes are often applied to one workpiece.
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