Recently, Zhou Yu, secretary-general of the China Bearing Industry Association, said: “In the 13th Five-Year Plan period, the added value of China’s automotive bearing industry will increase by an average annual rate of 7%. This indicator is set to meet the needs of the development of the automotive industry.” “Thirteenth” Five”, the guiding ideology for the development of China’s automotive bearing industry is: with “Made in China 2025” as the program, implement the innovation-driven strategy, focus on changing the development mode, adjust the industrial structure, promote green manufacturing, achieve transformation and upgrading, and build core capabilities and core capabilities. The core competitiveness of technology and core products will accelerate the construction of a powerful country in the bearing industry, take the lead in making breakthroughs in the strategic transformation of China’s automobile industry from large to strong, and make outstanding contributions to the strong foundation of China’s industry.
30% of low-end automotive bearing companies should withdraw from the market. Zhou Yu introduced the economic indicators of the 13th Five-Year Development Plan for China’s automotive bearing industry: The income from main business has increased by 6% annually. Among them, the average annual growth rate of high-end automotive bearing business revenue is set to 15%, and the average annual growth rate of low-end automotive bearing business revenue is set to -2%.
Why is there this -2% indicator? Zhou Yu replied: “This is the need for the domestic automotive bearing industry to adjust the product structure and resolve the overcapacity of low-end bearings. During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, 30% of the low-energy and low-efficiency enterprises producing low-end bearings in China’s automotive bearing industry should withdraw from the market. “In the 13th Five-Year Plan, the output of automotive bearings will increase by 5% annually; in 2020, the value-added rate of automotive bearings will reach 27%; profits will increase at an average annual rate of 8%; automotive bearing industry manufacturing services account for 10% of sales; 2020 In 2015, the material utilization rate reached 44.55%; the energy consumption of 10,000 yuan of industrial added value was reduced from 0.499 tons of standard coal in 2015 to 0.399 tons of standard coal in 2020; pollutant emissions were reduced by 10%; research and development funds were included in the main business income The proportion increased from 0.95% in 2015 to 1.26% in 2020.
Why is the average annual growth rate of added value and profit of the automotive bearing industry during the “13th Five-Year Plan” higher than the average annual growth rate of main business income? Why is the average annual increase rate of output lower than the average annual increase rate of main business income? Zhou Yu explained: “Such index setting reflects the transformation of the bearing industry from scale and speed growth to quality and efficiency growth.”
To lay a solid foundation for building a strong country in the automotive bearing industry Zhou Yu said: “We will build a strong country in the automotive bearing industry under the new economic normal.” In 2020, the automotive bearing industry will take the lead in making breakthroughs in the strategic transformation of China’s manufacturing industry from large to strong. , Lay a solid foundation for building a strong country in the automotive bearing industry by 2025.
What kind of industrial economic scale, industrial structure, independent innovation capability, brand effect and product level should a powerful country in the automotive bearing industry possess?
Zhou Yu introduced some landmark events that China will build into a powerful country in the automotive bearing industry in 2025: The total economic volume of the automotive bearing industry is firmly in the forefront of the world. There are two or three international bearing companies with annual sales revenue ranking among the top ten in the world’s bearing industry.
Cultivate a number of large enterprise groups and a group of “specialized, refined, special, and new” enterprises in the automotive bearing industry, so that they can enter the forefront of the same industry in the market segment.
Relying on the vanguard of the automotive bearing industry, a national key laboratory, a national engineering technology research center or a national engineering research center will be established in two to three companies. The number of enterprise technology centers recognized by the state will be increased by 3 to 5. Establish a number of strategic alliances for technological innovation of industry-university-research-application alliances.
One or two breakthroughs have been made in the basic theoretical research of bearings. Significant results have been achieved in the research and application of a number of core common technologies.
The automotive bearing standard system has reached the international advanced level and has gained the right to speak in the International Organization for Standardization. China presided over or participated in the formulation and revision of international standards related to automotive bearings and achieved breakthroughs.
Obtained a batch of independent intellectual property rights for core technologies. During the validity period, the number of national authorized patents increased from 1,000 to 2,000.
The automotive bearing brands of two to three dominant companies have become world brands, and have the same reputation as the world’s eight largest multinational bearing companies.
Product design and manufacturing technology and product quality, especially reliability and consistency, must reach the international advanced level.
The variety of automotive bearings meets the needs of national economic development. The autonomy rate of automobile bearing production is above 80%.
The development strategy is embodied in eight aspects. Zhou Yu introduced the specific development strategy of the “13th Five-Year” automotive bearing industry from the following eight aspects: Standing at the forefront of the international automotive bearing industry technology, benchmarking with multinational automotive bearing companies to achieve catch-up.
Promote the in-depth integration of “two industrializations” (industrialization and informatization), implement the “automobile bearing Internet” action, and realize the digitization of production equipment, the intelligentization of manufacturing processes, and the networkization of enterprise management.
Give full play to the basic role of the market in allocating resources, support a group of enterprises to become stronger and bigger, optimize the organizational structure, and resolve excess capacity.
Break through the high-end, do a good job in the mid-end, upgrade the low-end, and optimize the technology and product structure.
Solve the three major bottlenecks restricting the development of the automotive bearing industry, including bearing steel technical quality, process equipment technical quality, and roller technical quality, and improve the level of testing and testing technology.
Promote collaborative innovation and strategic cooperation in production, learning, research, and use, and increase the localization rate of high-end automotive bearings.
Promote the transformation of automobile bearing enterprises from production-oriented manufacturing to service-oriented manufacturing. Promote international production capacity cooperation. Go out and bring in to realize the internationalization of the market, resources, talents and layout of automobile bearing enterprises.
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